Pelvic Inflammatory disease or PID is a condition where the female reproductive organs including the ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, and cervix located in the pelvic region get infected. Not everyone is aware that 85% of the PID cases are due to bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia trachomatis that get transmitted sexually.
It Predominantly affects women in their adolescence (age group 15-29) than their higher age brackets. The manifestations of acute PID onsets with pelvic pain or dyspareunia, abnormal vaginal discharge, and recurrent urinary infections. PID can lead to complications such as infertility, ectopic pregnancy and also affect the adjacent abdominal organs. However, this condition is preventable with early detection and a prompt treatment.
Since PID is sexually transmitted, it is equally important to treat the spouse along with the patient to prevent the recurrence of such infections. Dr. Preeti Singh, an infertility expert in Noida can help effectively to treat the infection and prevent PID complications through an accurate examination process.
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As the name suggests, pelvic inflammatory disease is the infection of the pelvic reproductive organ including the cervix, uterus, fallopian tubules, and ovaries. PID arises due to the bacterial infection transmitted through the vaginal opening. Since the pelvic reproductive organs of a female are associated with the pregnancy and childbirth process, infections in these organs can affect the natural birth-giving ability of a woman.
Generally, the female reproductive tract is designed to protect the internal reproductive organs from pathogenic interventions that attack through the vagina. The cervix forms a protective barrier and prevents pathogen intrusions. However, the cervix opens itself during childbirth and menstruation. It is during this period that the infecting pathogens or bacteria lingering outside the well-protective cervix can enter the female reproductive tract and cause PID.
The most common bacterias causing PID are Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis. It is observed that chlamydial infections are more common than gonococcal infections accounting for almost 60% of the PID cases. The other bacterial PID-causing pathogens include Escherichia coli, Bacteroides fragilis, Streptococcus aureus, Streptococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Statistically, the highest percentage of PID infections are due to the sexual transmission of bacteria. The other relative possibilities of PID infections include;
Most of the PID symptoms can go unrecognized until it gets severe. Chlamydial infections are difficult to diagnose in the early stages. However, it is advised to consult a specialist when you observe one or more of the below-mentioned symptoms.
The undetected or untreated PID can get severe over time. The infections can spread to different other abdominal organs through the bloodstream. These pelvic infections can also leave scar tissues and fluid-filled pockets or abscesses in the reproductive tract causing irreversible damage to the reproductive organs. Some of the other complications of pelvic inflammatory diseases are:
For questions such as how pelvic inflammatory disease is diagnosed? Early diagnosis is essential to evade the possible complications of PID. PID investigative tests are done after a detailed study of the medical history, a pelvic examination, blood, and urine analysis. Imaging tests for pain-associated symptoms of PID include ultrasound, laparoscopy, and tissue analysis through an endometrial biopsy.
Diagnosing and treating pelvic infections at the earliest can reduce the pain symptoms, fertility problems, and other associated complications of PID. Treatment for pelvic infections include:
For PID infections causing scar tissue formations or abscesses, surgery may be done to remove the scar tissue, rupture the abscesses, and drain the fluids. In extremely rare scenarios, a severe or irreversible PID may require a hysterectomy (removal of the uterus, along with infected reproductive organs) as a part of pelvic infection treatment.
Pelvic inflammatory disease is a sexually transmitted infection caused due to bacteria infecting the female reproductive tract. Do not ignore symptoms such as acute abdominal pain, abnormal vaginal discharge that is indicative of possible PID. Timely diagnosis can not only help prompt treatment but prevent PID complications. Dr. Preeti Singh is a renowned Obstetrician-Gynaecologist in Noida. She has successfully treated patients with complex fertility-related issues with great care and expertise. Connect with Dr. Preeti Singh for a systematic evaluation of your fertility concern with a comprehensive treatment procedure.