Cancer Screening means thoroughly checking your body for cancer cells even before you have any symptoms. These screening tests help in finding breast, cervical, and colon cancers early, when treatment is likely to work best. The main goals of such screenings are to reduce or prevent deaths from cancer and to reduce the number of people who develop the disease. Research in developing new cancer screening tests is the new area of interest for gynecologists.
In the screening of cervical cancer, human papillomavirus (HPV) testing is a useful test where cells are collected from the outside of a woman’s cervix and are tested for specific strains of HPV which are linked to a high risk of cervical cancer. This test may be combined with a Pap test which also uses cells from the outside of a woman's cervix. A pathologist then identifies any precancerous or cancerous cells.
To screen for ovarian cancer two tests commonly used are transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) which uses sound waves to look at the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries It can help find a lump in the ovary. and the CA-125 blood test which measures the amount of a protein called CA-125 in the blood. Many women with ovarian cancer have high levels of CA-125.
There are some guidelines on cancer screening tests. Recommendations vary on the type, age of cancer people to be screened for, tests used to screen for a certain type of cancer and if positive then what are the next steps.
At Sparrsh clinic, our specialist will discuss your medical history, symptoms and considering risk factor as per your age group, appropriate screening tests will be recommended.