A colposcopy is a simple and relatively minor procedure used to examine the cervix, the lower part of the womb just above the vagina. It is often done if cervical screening discovers abnormal cells in your cervix which often go away on their own, but sometimes it can be a risk of cervical cancer if not treated.
If your PAP test is abnormal then this procedure confirms whether cells in your cervix are unusual and determines whether to remove them. A biopsy is done to collect a small sample of tissue for laboratory testing.
Colposcopy can be used to diagnose; genital warts, inflammation of the cervix (cervicitis), precancerous changes in the vulva, tissue of the cervix and vagina.
To prepare for your colposcopy, it is recommended to avoid scheduling your colposcopy during your period, the day or two before your colposcopy do not have vaginal intercourse, do not use tampons nor any vaginal medications. Take a pain reliever like ibuprofen before going for the colposcopy. Many women experience anxiety as they wait for their colposcopy exams. With high anxiety one can feel more pain during the procedure or even skip their colposcopy appointments. So, try to keep yourself relaxed by physical exercises, meditation or even listen to music before going for a colposcopy.
Our doctor uses a speculum to keep the vagina gently open. A microscope with a light called a colposcopy is used to look at your cervix. Your cervix and vagina are cleansed with cotton dubbed in solution of vinegar to clear away any mucus causing a tingling sensation. This solution is applied to spot any abnormal areas in the cervix. The examination takes 15 to 20 minutes and you can go home immediately. A small sample of tissue is collected either from the cervix or vagina under anesthetic for further testing if required.
Our doctor can tell you right away if there are any abnormal cells in your cervix. But in case if a biopsy is done, it may take 4 to 6 weeks to get your results. The result of your colposcopy and biopsy will be either normal where you do not have abnormal cells and cervical screening can be continued as usual or abnormal where you have abnormal cells in their cervix and may need treatment to remove them. These treatments include large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ) in which a heated wire loop is used to remove the abnormal cells from the numbed cervix, also a cone biopsy where a cone-shaped piece of tissue containing the abnormal cells is cut out from your cervix under general anesthetic.
Dr. Preeti Singh is a renowned lady doctor in Delhi NCR and she has been practicing at Sparrsh Centre for women care for 11 years.
If you have heavy bleeding, a fever, or severe pain after the procedure, you should contact our specialist at Sparrsh Clinic right away.